Here you’ll find blog posts about technology, new ideas, and trends people are noticing (and using) to help them work smarter.

Data Breaches, Cyber Security and the Construction Industry

Is cyber security a major concern for your construction business? Maybe you don’t think your company is a potential target for a cyberattack. You’d be right too if your company doesn’t use computers to store any information about your business and if you never connect to the internet.

As the construction industry becomes more connected through internet-connected solutions and remotely accessible systems such as Building Information Modeling (BIM), telematics and project management software it creates more opportunities for hackers to launch a cyberattack.

Construction firms have access to a wealth of information that might be desirable to hackers. Intellectual property, proprietary assets, architectural drawings and specifications as well as corporate banking and financial accounts are all prime targets. Access to employee information such as full names, Social Security numbers and bank account data used for payroll are frequently targeted in spear phishing scams. Hackers often go after general contractors and subcontractors as a means to gain access to clients’ networks.

Here are a few examples of how companies in the AEC industry have become victims of cybercrime:

Turner Construction was the victim of a spear phishing scam in March when an employee sent tax information on current and former employees to a fraudulent email account. Spear phishing is an email scam targeted at a specific individual, business or organization. Hackers spoof the “From:” field in an email to make it appear to come from a trustworthy source, say from your CEO or CFO. Typical spear phishing scams include messages requesting personal information on employees such as names and Social Security number, corporate banking account information, or login credentials.

In the case of Turner Construction, the information provided to the fraudulent email account included full names, Social Security numbers, states of employment and residence as well as tax withholding data for 2015. All employees who worked for the company in 2015 were affected by the data breach. Turner, which is headquartered in New York, is one of the largest construction management firms in the U.S. with offices in 24 states.

Baltimore-based Whiting-Turner Contracting, another of the nation’s top construction management and general contracting companies, may have also been the victim of a data breach. In March, the company was notified by an outside vendor that prepared W-2 and 1095 tax forms for the company’s employees about suspicious activity on that vendor’s systems. Around the same time, employees of Whiting-Turner were reporting fraudulent tax filings being made in their names. In addition to employee information, it is also possible that personal information on children and beneficiaries of employees who received healthcare insurance coverage through Whiting-Turner was compromised. Whiting-Turner has 31 offices in 18 states and Washington, D.C.

The construction industry is clearly not immune to cyberattacks. Central Concrete Supply Company out of California, Century Fence out of Wisconsin, Trinity Solar and Foss Manufacturing which makes nonwoven textile products for a number of industries, including construction, were also recent victims of spear phishing scams this year involving employee W-2 tax information.

Close to 100 companies have reported data breaches where employee information was compromised. There are probably many more attacks that either have not been reported yet or have so far gone unnoticed. Targeted companies span a wide range of industries including healthcare, hospitality, financial and retail. Municipalities, school districts and universities have also reported being victims of phishing scams and data breaches this year. Some of the companies you might be familiar that have suffered data breaches this year include Advance Auto Parts, Medieval Times, Sprouts Farmers Market and Mansueto Ventures, publishers of Inc. and Fast Company.

Remember the Target data breach from a couple of years ago? The attackers got access to login credentials for Target’s computer network from one of their vendors, Fazio Mechanical. An employee fell victim to a phishing scam that allowed malware to be installed on the company’s computers. Fazio had access for electronic billing, project management and contract submission and not because they were remotely monitoring and controlling any of the HVAC and refrigeration systems at any of their stores.

A spear phishing attack also led to physical damage at a steel mill in Germany. Malware was downloaded onto a company computer that had access to the plant’s business network. From there, the hackers were able to gain access the production network where they compromised the control systems resulting in a blast furnace not being able to be properly shut down.

Here are a few tips to prevent data breaches and avoid being the victim of a cyberattack:

  • Install security software on you company’s servers and computers that can provide real-time protection and automatically receives the most up-to-date malware definitions.
  • Make sure your firewalls are enabled and updated regularly with security patches.
  • Train employees on security policies and practices. Employees should be required to change their passwords every three months.
  • If employees are using mobile devices to access your company’s network they should be equipped with hardware and software data encryption and passwords or PIN locks should be used.
  • Secure your company’s Wi-Fi network, both at the office and at the jobsite, by encrypting your wireless signal, securing your router with a password and filter MAC addresses of devices so only employees and authorized personnel can access your network.
  • Regularly backup data offsite or with a trusted cloud storage provider.

Most security experts agree that it’s a matter of when, not if, your company is targeted by hackers. Even the most sophisticated networks can be breached so it is also important to have a response plan in place in the event of a cyber incident. Your company should also invest in cyber insurance since traditional insurance coverage such as commercial general liability (CGL) policy might not cover cyber and technology liability.

Top 10 Benefits Of Construction Equipment Telematics

Telematics systems combine GPS technology, on-board diagnostics and monitoring sensors to track, log and report data via cellular networks on the performance and operation of your construction equipment. Data from telematics systems are typically accessed through a web portal and can provide data on a number of machine systems. Common data points include GPS location, fuel consumption, idle times and machine alerts. Equipment manufacturers are installing telematics systems as standard equipment on an increasing number of their product offerings each year.

Equipment owners using telematics data are reaping benefits such as improved productivity and reduced operating costs. Here are the top 10 benefits of using telematics systems to monitor and control your heavy equipment:

Asset Allocation

Telematics data can show you how much each machine is being used on your active sites. By analyzing telematics data you can determine if you are allocating too much or too little equipment to a jobsite. Perhaps you have an excavator that has been sitting at a project site unused for weeks that could be redeployed to another site. On the other hand, maybe you don’t have enough equipment onsite and your operators are overworking your machines in order to keep the project on schedule.

Using telematics data to understand exactly where and how much your equipment is being used. Over time, this data will help you realize whether you have underused assets that you can divest or whether it’s time to invest in more equipment. By adjusting your fleet size to meet your needs you can reduce equipment rental costs if you don’t have enough equipment or reduce ownership costs if you have too much equipment.

Maintenance & Repair Schedules

Telematics technologies continue to evolve, providing even more data points to equipment owners. Sensors and onboard scales are being incorporated into the design of new machines capturing and reporting data from a number of systems. Everything from fuel consumption to fault codes can easily be monitored.

Integrating the telematics data into a maintenance management program you can better schedule and perform preventive maintenance and repairs. Accurately tracking engine and working hours can ensure you aren’t pulling equipment out of service too early or too late to perform preventive maintenance. Telematics systems can also be used to alert you when equipment isn’t operating at peak performance, which could be an indication that a component is failing and needs to be replaced. Identifying problems early can help extend the life of your equipment and reduce repair and labor costs.

Operator Performance

Telematics data can help you improve the efficiency of your equipment operators and identify bad habits like prolonged idling time. Speeding, erratic movements and overloading a machine are all safety hazards that can lead to rollovers and equipment tipping. By monitoring telematics data, you can identify operators who are overworking or misusing equipment. Correcting this behavior can lead to reduced labor costs, avoid accelerated wear on your equipment and result in safer worksites.

Reduce Theft

With GPS tracking and geo-fencing you can be alerted the moment your equipment leaves the jobsite. You can also use time-fencing to send alerts when equipment is being operated outside or scheduled work hours, which could indicate someone is trying to make off with your equipment. Some systems even allow you to remotely shut down the engine if unauthorized use is detected or prevent it from being started during set hours. With telematics and GPS technology you can track and locate all your equipment from one location so in the event equipment does go missing you can provide the local authorities with its location for faster recovery.

Reduce Fuel Consumption

Reducing fuel consumption is one of the biggest money savers telematics systems have been proven to solve. By monitoring idling time versus work time on equipment you can identify which machines are being left on without any work being done and specify which operators are responsible for wasting fuel. Implementing best practices to reduce idling times will result in better fuel efficiency. Reducing idle times can also extend engine life and reduce repair and maintenance costs.  

Fuel Tax Refunds

The federal government and states collect excise taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel. These taxes are used to fund road construction and highway maintenance projects. Businesses that use fuel for off-road purposes, such as construction equipment, are eligible for refunds on the federal level and by many of the state governments. Telematics data can GPS tracking data along with fuel consumption information to easily provide records of how much fuel was used off-road. Note: Tax credits or refunds are not given if using red-dyed diesel fuel meant for off-road use since it is not taxed in the first place.

Insurance Premiums

Some insurance providers will reduce or eliminate deductibles or provide discounts if your equipment has GPS tracking with geo-fencing alert capabilities installed. Depending on the size of your fleet, this can result in huge savings on your insurance costs. Monitoring and correcting unsafe operating behavior by your employees will reduce the number of accidents on your jobsites, which could also help save on insurance costs.

Job Estimates

Using telematics data can lead to more accurate job costing and estimates. Telematics can provide you with machine hours and fuel usage to determine operating costs that can be combined with labor costs for more accurate billing. Analyzing past data on previous projects will help you better predict how much a specific task or job will cost on future projects. This will result in more accurate estimates and lead to submitting more competitive bids.

Manage Operating Expenses

It’s important to keep track of the operating costs of your equipment since many owners determine the lifecycle of a machine as being when the operating costs begin to exceed ownership costs. Fuel consumption, preventive maintenance, operator wages, repairs tire/track costs all make up operating costs. Telematics data can help you identify areas where you can reduce operating costs whether it be by reducing idling time or correcting operator behavior to extend component lifecycles and reduce the frequency of preventive maintenance.

Improve Productivity

Having a better understand of how, when and where your construction equipment is being used can lead to increased productivity on the jobsite. Operator performance can be coached when equipment isn’t being operated under normal parameters. Overworking or underutilizing equipment can be better managed by understanding telematics data. Know where each piece of equipment is at all times and how much each one is being used will allow you to better deploy your equipment to the sites where they are most needed.

Telematics will also allow you to schedule preventive maintenance when needed and avoid pulling equipment out of service too early, or worse, too late when costlier repairs might be required.

Five High-Tech Ways To Control Construction Site Theft

Jobsite thefts of tools, equipment and materials continues to be an issue plaguing the construction industry. Unattended construction sites are easy targets for thieves, especially those lacking adequate security measures. Heavy equipment, power and hand tools and materials such as copper are the most targeted items. According to the National Equipment Register (NER), heavy equipment theft has been on the rise the past couple of years with 11,625 thefts being reported to law enforcement in 2014.

The cost of being the victim of construction theft runs deeper than just the value of the items stolen. You also have to factor in the delays in work, the cost to replace materials and supplies, renting or replacing equipment and tools along with the increased insurance premiums you’ll have to pay going forward.

Check out these five high-tech ways to help combat and control theft at your jobsite. Implementing these systems into your security plan and antitheft programs can go a long way in deterring thieves from targeting your jobsite.

Geo-fencing & GPS Tracking

The ability to receive text or email alerts the moment a piece of equipment is moved off the jobsite or if the engine started up outside of work hours is a good way to thwart theft of your construction fleet. If your equipment already has a telematics system installed you should be using the features available to control theft.

Telematics systems uses GPS technology, monitoring sensors and onboard diagnostics to track location, performance and operation of equipment and report specific data points like working hours, fuel consumption, engine temperatures and idle times. The real-time data collected is sent via satellite or cell signal and can be accessed through a website or be sent to your smartphone as a text message.

Geo-fencing allows you to create a virtual perimeter around your construction site or within a specified area on the jobsite. During working hours geo-fences can be used as a safety feature, shutting down the engine if a piece of equipment is operated outside a designated area. After hours it can act as a security feature to notify you of unauthorized movement like when a thief is trying to make off with your equipment. GPS tracking allows you to easily locate and recover your stolen equipment.

More and more manufacturers are installing telematics systems as standard equipment on new machines. Most offer access to the data on their websites free for the first few years after purchasing new equipment. You should already be using telematics to better manage your fleet, improve job costing, reduce operating costs and better maintain your equipment. It makes sense to use the system for theft prevention since it can act as a deterrent by shutting down the engine when thieves try to drive your equipment offsite and as a recovery tool to locate stolen machines.

Security Cameras

Highly visible security cameras act as a strong deterrent to would-be thieves at your construction site. Solar powered units with battery backups offer the flexibility of placing cameras wherever you need them without having to time them into an additional power source. You typically have the option to record continuous video or take time-lapse photos at scheduled intervals. Motion detection and infrared sensors, which measures changes in thermal activity, can be used to activate idle cameras and begin recording.

Security cameras can be equipped with Wi-Fi or cellular communication to transmit the video or images for cloud storage or for live monitoring through a web portal. The benefit of an internet connected camera means you can also get text alerts when a camera is activated by the motion or infrared sensors. This allows you to immediately notify the authorities when unauthorized access to your jobsite is detected. Internet enabled cameras also give you the freedom of accessing live feeds from virtually anywhere. Some models even allow to control the camera so you can pan, tilt and zoom in on different areas you are monitoring.

Camera technology continues to improve while prices continue to drop meaning you can find security camera systems that capture high resolution images for a reasonable price.

Jobsite security cameras can also serve a dual purpose. Sure, they’re great for keeping an eye on the site when everyone’s gone home for the day, but you can also use them during working hours. They are a great tool for monitoring workers for safety and productivity and also for recording progress on a project. Time-lapse videos can edited and used as to market your construction company. Solar powered cameras equipped with infrared sensors and built in Wi-Fi or cellular are great options for construction firms because they are self-contained units that can be easily deployed and mounted throughout the jobsite.

RFID Tracking

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology can help you manage assets and reduce theft at construction sites. RFID systems consist of a reader that transmits a signal to an RFID tag. Tags contain a microchip that can store and process information along with an antenna that receives the signal from the read and transmits data back. RFID readers emit electromagnetic waves to power the tags, allowing them to transmit data back to the reader.

A number of RFID systems have been developed over the past few years for the construction industry. RFID technology was primarily used for supply chain management initially, but is now being used in construction to keep track of tools and equipment as well as a replacement for timecards, since attendance can be recorded when an employee walks onto a jobsite.

RFID systems can be used to combat your company’s tools from magically growing legs and walking off the jobsite. RFID solutions are an ideal of keeping track of which tools were checked out and by which employee and when they were returned. Handheld and vehicle mounted readers can help you located missing tools on the site.

These systems can be completely automated, eliminating the need for manual processes. This will create better accountability among your employees and lead to better inventory control.

Here’s how it works: Workers are issued badges with RFID tags. When a worker passes through a reader into a tool crib trailer the system registers and records his entrance. The tools are embedded with RFID tags so when the worker exits the trailer the reader logs and records which tools he checked out and when. When the employee returns the tools to the trailer at the end of his shift, the systems acknowledges the items that were checked back in. At the end of the day a report can be run to identify any items that were not returned and who was responsible for checking them out.

Keyless Ignition/Transponder Chip Keys

Equipment manufacturers tend to use the same ignition across their entire product line meaning all the keys are cut the exact same way, creating a one key fits all system. The benefit is that owners can operate all their equipment from the same manufacturer with the same key. It makes it easier to get replacements when keys are lost or missing and owners tend to accumulate lots of spares to avoid downtime by operators not being able to start up equipment. The downside to this is that it is very easy for would-be thieves to get their hands on duplicate keys to steal your equipment. A quick search on Amazon and eBay reveals a number of vendors selling sets of keys for every major manufacturer of construction equipment.

The solution to this is to replace the factory installed ignition with either a keyless ignition system or a more secure ignition lock. Keyless ignition systems require an operator to input a PIN in order to start the machine. Owners can program PINs to expire after a certain number of days or delete them when an employee leaves the company or is terminated. Keyless ignitions can be equipped with wireless relays in the ignition or fuel pump circuit to prevent the system from being circumvented and hotwired. These systems can deter theft and also prohibit unauthorized use of equipment.

Caterpillar (CAT) created a Machine Security System that works the same way that your transponder, or chip, key works on your car or truck and another example of how RFID technology is being used. Each security key has a unique ID number which is read by an electronic control module and only keys that have been programmed into that particular machine can start it. Individual keys can be programmed into multiple machines. The system can also be unarmed so that any CAT ignition key can be used during working hours and then rearmed at the end of the day to prevent theft.

Drone Surveillance

In an earlier post, Construction Industry Gears Up For The Drone Revolution, we discussed how construction firms are currently benefiting from the use of drones to handle tasks like mapping and surveying of construction sites. We briefly touched on the fact to drones could one day be used to patrol construction sites at night equipped with motion sensors and infrared or night vision cameras. They could be automatically deployed from a charging station and fly along a preprogrammed route at regular intervals.

It’s uncertain if this type of use would be allowed by the FAA. Currently their proposed rules for commercial use would require a visual line-of-sight (VLOS) be maintained between the operator and the drone. It’s possible that exemptions would be allowed in instances like this since the drone would be operated at a pretty low altitude over a fixed area.

None of the systems and devices we covered should be used as your sole means of preventing theft. A solid security plan should involve multiple layers of theft deterrents and measures. A well-lit site encircled by security fencing topped with razor wire should be your first line of defense. Put up warning signs to discourage thieves and trespassers.

The harder it is to access your site, the less likely it is thieves will target it. When feasible, lock up all tools, equipment and supplies inside buildings or trailers. For heavy equipment, use wheel locks and other immobilization devices to prevent them from being driven off the site or winched onto a trailer and hauled off.

Contact the local authorities and ask them increase their patrols or consider hiring security guards to monitor the site on weekends or holidays when the site is unattended. Make sure you involve as many workers as possible in helping maintain a secure jobsite. Remember, no system is 100% effective, but incorporating multiple security measures will help to minimize your losses.

Construction Industry Gears Up For The Drone Revolution

Construction Industry Gears Up For The Drone Revolution

Chances are you’ve probably seen them hovering over a construction site, capturing photos and collecting data. Maybe your firm has even used them to do some surveying or to monitor progress on a job. We’re talking about drones, or more correctly unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and construction firms are realizing the many benefits this technology can provide.

UAVs can be equipped with high-speed HD cameras capable of taking stills and video to provide aerial imaging which can then be used to create maps and 3D models of construction sites. LiDAR, laser scanning, and other sensors are also being used to map and model sites. UAVs can operate autonomously using predefined flight paths they can be flown manually using a remote control, some can even be operated using a smartphone or tablet.

Construction firms that are currently using airplane and helicopter services to provide their aerial imagery are going to see huge cost savings by either purchasing and operating their own UAVs or by hiring out the work to a company equipped to provide imaging with UAVs.

UAVs are going to play a significant role in the construction industry. Mapping and surveying of sites, performing building inspections and jobsite safety are all areas that will benefit from the use of UAVs. Video footage taken with UAVs can be used to create 3D images of real-time construction progress. That information can be compared against the architectural plans and construction schedule to accurately monitor the progress of a project. Not only will this help to keep projects on schedule, but it will also be able to determine if construction work is deviating from the design. On excavation and site work projects, UAVs can be used to calculate volumetric measurements to compare how much dirt has been moved each day.

Two areas that UAVs could help improve, worker safety and worker productivity, will probably receive the most pushback from workers over privacy concerns. Construction site are already closely monitored by safety managers, site superintendents and construction managers so this shouldn’t be a major issue. UAVs could cover an entire site in a fraction of the time it would take a person walking and stopping to monitor work and making note of potential safety hazards. Ideally the technology would be used to better protect workers and to identify ways to make workers more productive. UAV’s can be fitted with tablets to enable video-conferencing which could lead to better communication on the jobsite.

UAVs could also be used once everyone has left work for the day. Surveillance UAVs could be deployed to monitor the site for trespassers and would-be thieves. These could be deployed automatically fly along a preprogrammed route to hover above a construction site, possibly eliminating the need for numerous security cameras.  Alerts could be immediately sent to owners, GCs and local authorities if unauthorized access is detected.

Research on construction-related applications is being done to determine additional ways UAVs can best serve the industry. A number of construction firms, UAV manufacturers and universities are conducting studies and doing performance tests to see how UAV’s can handle on tasks such as bridge inspections, roof inspections and even performing physical work such as welding.

Companies like Krespy and Precision Drone are making UAV systems for commercial use in industry like agriculture, mining and construction. Phoenix Aerial Systems makes both UAVs and LiDAR mapping systems that can be used in conjunction with each other or separately. Surveying and navigation equipment manufacturers like Topcon and Trimble are also providing UAVs for the construction industry.

Skycatch, a startup out of San Francisco, has worked with construction firms like DPR and Bechtel to develop their UAVs for construction use. The company’s UAVs are being used in conjunction with Komatsu’s Intelligent Machine Control equipped dozers and excavators as part of that company’s SmartConstruction service which provides autonomous site work solutions to customers. AEC software solution firm Autodesk is an investor in Skycatch. Autodesk is partnering with the company to integrate their software to make use of data collected by Skycatch’s UAVs.

If you’d rather outsource your UAV aerial imaging, there are companies that can do the work for you. In addition to providing an experienced operator with a UAV and cameras or other imaging hardware, you have the added benefit of them being fully insured. Companies like Image In Flight, which provided imaging solutions for construction of the new Sacramento Kings arena, and DroneBase have been cleared to operate UAVs commercially.  If you’re wanting to try your hand at operating your own UAV, DJI’s Phantom 3 Professional is a great entry-level system that won’t break the bank. For about $1,300 you can get one bundled with everything you need to get started including a 4K camera.

Before you rush out and purchase a UAV for your construction business you should know that operating UAVs for commercial purposes is not currently legal. In order to use one on your next construction project you would need to apply for and be granted an exemption under Section 333 of the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. A recent check of the FAA website shows that over 3,300 exemptions have been granted for commercial use. Over 450 of those exemption cover use by companies on construction sites.

Last February, the FAA issued proposed rules for commercial use of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), which is the term they use for drones and UAVs. Under the proposed rules the aircraft must weigh less than 55 lbs. and a visual line-of-sight (VLOS) must be maintained without the assistance of any device such as binoculars or onboard cameras. The maximum allowable airspeed would be 100 mph and the maximum altitude for operating the UAV would be 500 feet above ground. Weather conditions would have to allow for three miles of visibility in order to fly a UAV. You can get a rundown of the proposed rules here.

Operators would be required to pass an aeronautical knowledge test and obtain an operator certificate. UAVs would need to be registered and would be required to display identification markings the same as any other aircraft.

Required registration went into effect for all newly purchased UAVs weighing over 0.55 lbs., regardless of whether it’s for recreational or commercial use, starting on December 21, 2015. People who owned and operated UAVs prior to that date have until February 19, 2016 to get registered. Failure to register your UAV can result in civil penalties up to $27,500 and criminal penalties up to $250,000 and/or three years in jail.

Final rules for commercial are expected to be published this year, possibly as early as June. Adoption won’t skyrocket, but once the new rules are in place you can expect to see UAVs showing up at more construction sites. Some construction firms will probably even start placing job advertisements for experienced UAV operators.

Are you ready for the drone revolution? Let us know in comments section below.

Communication Technology in Construction

iSqFt Poll: Communication Technology in Construction

Over the summer, we asked you which new tech you’re most excited about (scroll down for the results). In the fall quarterly newsletter, we’re asking about something related to one of our recent blogs, the role of communication technology in construction.

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How Technology Impacts Communication in Construction

9 Ways Technology Impacts Communication in Construction

Misunderstandings between contractors can result in soured relationships and burned bridges, delays and costly mistakes, or, at the extreme, million-dollar lawsuits and even loss of life. So we benefit from any tool that helps avoid these breakdowns in communication.

Here are nine construction processes that live and die by the speed and accuracy of information, and a look at the ways technology has changed communication in construction.

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BIM in Construction

BIM in Construction: Part 3 – The Inevitable

Whether you’ve embraced BIM (Building Information Modeling) or still have your doubts, it’s here to stay. And it’s already changing the construction process in some pretty fundamental ways.

In this final post in our three-part BIM in construction series, we’ve compiled expert advice on getting started with BIM and a look at some cutting-edge uses of the technology. Don’t forget to read our breakdown of the pros and cons, along with some real-world success stories, in Part 1—The Good and Part 2—The Bad.

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New Construction Technology

iSqFt Poll: New Construction Technologies

In the spring, we asked about how you use sustainable building practices. Now for something a little more fun…new construction technologies and gadgets for the jobsite. What’s on your radar? (Pun intended!)

Scroll down (or go here) for our poll, and don’t forget to check out the Summer Edition of our iSqFt Nuts & Bolts newsletter.

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BIM in Construction

BIM in Construction: Part 2 – The Bad

Whether you’ve embraced BIM (Building Information Modeling) or still have your doubts, it’s here to stay. And it’s already changing the construction process in some pretty fundamental ways.

This post is the second in a three-part series about the use of BIM in construction. Check out Part 1—The Good, and stay tuned for Part 3—The Inevitable (now posted!) next week.

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BIM in Construction

BIM in Construction: Part 1 – The Good

Whether you’ve embraced BIM (Building Information Modeling) or still have your doubts, it’s here to stay. And it’s already changing the construction process in some pretty fundamental ways.

This post is the first in a three-part series about the use of BIM in construction. Stay tuned in the coming weeks for Part 2—The Bad (now posted!) and Part 3—The Inevitable (now posted!).

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